Patrick Bayer

Senior Lecturer in International Relations

University of Strathclyde


I am a Senior Lecturer in International Relations in the School of Government & Public Policy and Chancellor’s Fellow in the Center for Energy Policy at the University of Strathclyde. I am also a Fellow at the Initiative for Sustainable Energy Policy (ISEP), Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and Associated Researcher at the Centre for the Political Economy of Reforms at the University of Mannheim.

My research focuses on central questions in international cooperation and the political economy of environmental politics and energy policy. Current projects include work on the political economy of carbon markets, formal and statistical models of climate treaties, environmental cooperation through financial incentives, and climate politics in times of Brexit.

My work was published, among others, in the Journal of Politics, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, Energy Economics, PNAS, and Science Advances. My book on Escaping the Energy Poverty Trap was published with MIT Press in 2018 and offers the first comprehensive political science account of energy poverty. I have written for The Washington Post‘s Monkey Cage, VoxDev, and ISEP. My work has been covered by The Economist.

My contact details can be found in my CV here.

Latest Publications

(2020). The European Union Emissions Trading System Reduced CO2 Emissions Despite Low Prices. Proceedings of the National Academcy of the Sciences 117(16): 8804-8812. [PDF] [Data and code].

(2020). The Need for Impact Evaluation in Electricity Access Research. Energy Policy 137: 111099. [PDF] [Data and code].

(2019). Shades of Darkness or Light? A Systematic Review of Geographic Bias in Impact Evaluations of Electricity Access. Energy Research & Social Science 58: 101236. [PDF] [Data and code].


European Union Sectoral Emissions Data (EUSED)

EUSED provides CO2 emissions for 33 countries (EU ETS member countries plus Switzerland and Turkey), disaggregated into 7 sectors which are matched between UNFCCC sectors (CRF) and EU ETS activities, 1990-2016. The data is available from Harvard Dataverse or can be downloaded here. Please read the codebook before using the data.

Acknowledgment: I gratefully acknowledge funding by the British Academy/Leverhulme Small Grant (SG171349, 1 January 2018 to 30 May 2019). Constantin Brod offered excellent research assistance.


  • International Institutions and Regimes (spring 2020, graduate) [Syllabus]

  • Global Energy Politics and Policy (spring 2021, graduate)